There are multiple ways to keep you focused and smart, but here are some of the tested 10 Mental Concepts To Make You Smarter.
The belief that things you have noticed only recently are in fact recent—or have only just come into existence “Whoa, that’s new to me. It must be new to the world!” When we think something is new, we treat it as new, and therefore miss important context.
The attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human things—it helps us make sense of the behaviours and events we encounter However, perceiving the presence of human qualities in other entities can be misleading when such qualities are absent.
The belief that groups of people, such as men and women, have different basic characteristics that cannot be changed and that are necessary to their identity Beware of this belief as it can lead to rigid thinking and perception of our surrounding environment.
The cognitive bias which causes people to think individuals are more attractive when they are in a group Arises from a tendency of the mind to not process every individual detail they perceive, but rather summarise or categorise information as a group.
A tendency to place different values on the same amount of money, based on subjective criteria, often with detrimental results Helps explain why people are willing to spend more when they pay with a credit card than cash.
Appeal To Probability Fallacy
Asserting that since something is probably the case, it is certainly the case “If I keep doing this long enough, I will probably succeed; therefore, I will succeed.”
Magic Number (7+-2)
The average person can only keep 7 ± 2 items in their short-term working memory Humans can process finite information. Information overload will lead to distraction that negatively affects performance When conveying information, limit it to the essentials.
Swimmer’s Body Illusion
Confusing traits with results We think we can get the body of a professional swimmer by swimming a lot. In truth, the swimmer is able to reach a professional level due to already having the ‘right’ body We should identify and play to our strengths.
People tend to get their information from where it’s easiest to look E.g. We use the first page of Google search results for the majority of research regrdless of how factual the results are. Cumulatively, this can skew knowlege in an entire field.
A tendency to underestimate the time it will take to complete a future task, despite knowledge that previous tasks have taken longer than planned Occurs due to an optimisim bias.